Scientific research method is the process of establishing facts through experiments and testing. Basically, it is used to make observations, form hypotheses, suggest predictions, conduct experiments, and extract conclusions in the light of logical reasoning and analysis. Mostly, people use scientific research method only to solve scientific problems. Of course, many of you may not know that you can also use the scientific research method for non-scientific purposes or in real life. These research methods are not only for the scientist, but engineers, doctors, marketers, teachers, executives, lawyers, students and, even housewives can use this method to systematically draw conclusions regarding different points. This article is all about the application of scientific research method in real life. So let us begin our talk on this interesting topic.
Scientific Research Method A Step By Step Guide:
Any scientific method is usually used when the aim of an individual is to conduct experiments and record direct observations. In science, to solve the majority of problems, scientists use a number of steps to draw a logical conclusion. The following are some very basic steps of scientific research methods:
Ask A Question:
The scientific research method may differ in terms of designs, data collection steps, data analysis techniques, and type of data collected. However, the first step must be to start with a valid question. It is the research question that describes the aims and objectives of a study. These questions include when, why, how, and what aspects of a problem under study.
The second step in the scientific research method is to conduct research to collect valid and logical evidence to solve a scientific query. The evidence from previous studies, universal truths and other credible sources must be included in this step of a scientific research method. If you are unable to perform research, hire a London dissertation writing service to do this for you.
Formulate A Subject-Specific Hypothesis
A hypothesis is an educated guess or an initial attempt to find the answer to a research question. The hypothesis is a tentative statement that can be rejected at any point in the research. It may also include a prediction that you have to prove through experiments and research. The most common type of hypothesis is the ‘If and then’ hypothesis’.
In the scientific research method, once you have formulated research questions, the next step is to test them by following a proper protocol. Hypothesis testing is important in both qualitative and quantitative research designs. Moreover, surveys, case studies, experiments, and interviews all processes are efficient enough to provide all necessary information to test a hypothesis.
In many types of scientific research methods, the process begins with direct observation. Rather, in others, the observation is important to ensure whether all environmental and external conditions during the research are kept constant or not.
Run Analysis To Observe The Patterns Among The Variables:
The surveys, case studies, observations, and experiments end up gathering data that need proper organisation. The analysis is the process of summarising, organising and summing up the discussion in order to extract good conclusions. The main aims of drawing conclusions are to find whether all the information gathered in the research validates the predictions and hypothesis or not. At any stage if you are stuck, you can buy dissertation to get it done by an expert researchers. If what you predict in the hypothesis is supported by the trends or analysis, the next step is to descriptively state the facts to present the findings.
The presentation of findings can be in any form. It depends on your purpose of conducting research, which may be thesis drafting, presenting a poster in the annual research-based poster competitions and many more.
Thus, the scientific method of research is all about raising research questions, performing research, formulating a hypothesis, hypothesis testing, making an observation, running an analysis, and presenting findings. Let us see how these steps can help us in solving real-life problems.
Cooking From A Recipe:
Cooking is a non-scientific process that can also be made easy and perfect using the above-mentioned process. While making a dish by following the proper recipe, the following scientific research method can help us. In this case, the research question may be, “what should we cook today?” To conduct research, you can use a recipe book and read about lots of recipes. The hypothesis formulation in this step may help you know what ingredients you have available in your kitchen to follow a recipe. The taste during different phases of cooking is the data or evidence based on which you can make the decision to follow the remaining recipe. How does your recipe taste? May be the main focus of the analysis process, and the final presentation of a dish in front of the family resembles the data representation process of this non-scientific process.
Teaching Your Child:
Teaching a student is another important example of the non-scientific research process. Suppose your child is not ready to cooperate with you in doing his homework. Do not worry; the scientific research method can help you in dealing with this non-scientific matter as well. You can follow the following steps to deal with this real-life problem as well:
Make research questions:
How to increase the interest of your child in home works?
The child feels excited about getting new stationery.
Make a hypothesis:
Offering child new stationery can increase his interest in the home.
Give the child a new coloured pencil and check how much he feels excited to complete his homework.
Analyse the trends:
Every time when you give your child new stationery, he/she completes homework earlier.
Giving new things to children that help them with homework increases his commitment to work.
Having gone through this article, you must have gained some knowledge about the scientific research methods. But most importantly, you should realise that these methods of research are vital to your survival in the world of research. It is one thing to know about something and another to apply that in the correct manner. The application of these scientific methods will open many new doors for understanding the real-world.